I - Return to Index

IA - Refers to an Intelligent Archive. It may also refer to an Intelligent Agent.

IAB - Refers to the Internet Architecture Board, previously known as the Internet Activities Board.

IANA - Is the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority.

IAS - Is an Image Assessment System.

ICANN - Is the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers.

ICD - Refers to an Interface Control Document.

ICMP - Refers to the Internet Control Message Protocol. It is an error detection protocol used on the internet. It is also used by programs such as ping and traceroute.

ICON, ICONs, or ICONS - Are pictorial or graphical images which when activated start a process or attempt a link or connection.

IDE - Refers to Integrated Drive Electronics.

IEFT - Is the Internet Engineering Task Force.

iFM™ or IFM™ - Refers to Internet Fund Manager. This is a software system created by OASIS™ for the development of financial internet sites. It provides methods to create online financial tables, indices, portfolios and more.

If-then-else Normal Form - is a boolean expression that only consists of if-then-else operators and the true and false constants 1, and 0.

IGS - Is an International Ground Station.

IIRV - Refers to an Improved Interrange Vector.

Independent Events - Are events where knowing the outcome of one does not affect the probability of the other. An example is two separate coin tosses. The first toss resulting in a heads situation does not effect the probability of the second toss.

INF - Refers to If-then-else Normal Form.

int - is an Integer. Sometimes it is implemented in various programming languages as meaning a whole number.

Intelligent Backtracking - Refers to an optimization within the backtracking algorithm that remembers the dependencies between sub-goals and only re-evaluates those dependents of a changed goal solution.

Interdimensional - Refers to an object, device or data that exists inbetween dimensions.

Interlacing - Refers to the technique of increasing video resolution by updating (refreshing) alternate horizontal lines on the screen. Interlacing can cause screen flicker which is particularly noticeable when viewing a monitor via television. Noninterlaced video adapters avoid this viewing issue.

Interleaving - Refers to the way sectors on a hard drive or disk are arranged. It can also refer to the way memory such as DRAM is organized. In both cases its purpose is to improve efficiency.

International Telecommunications Union - Telecommunications Standards Sector - Refers to the organization formally known as the CCITT, which is now part of the ITU. The ITU-TSS makes technical recommendations for telephone and data communications systems.

Internet - Refers to a public usage, audience, or accessibility or posting.

Internet Activities Board - See Internet Architecture Board.

Internet Architecture Board - Is the organization that originally developed the internet protocols. These protocols are now handled by the IESG. IAB, part of the Internet Society, handles management responsabilities of the Internet Engineering Task Force, Internet Engineering Steering Group, Internet Assigned Numbers Authority, and Request For Comments Editing with the input of the Industry Organization for Standards. The Internet Architecture Board, as its name suggests, is responsable for oversight of the Internet Standard Protocols. To visit their website click here

Internet Research Task Force - Is an organization of the Internet Architecture Board that approaches long-term Internet issues with theory and hypotheses.

Internet Research Steering Group - Is the governing body of the Internet Research Task Force.

Intranet - Refers to a private or internal usage, audience, accessibility, or posting.

Inverter - Refers to a device that reverses a signal by performing a logical NOT.

I/O or IO - Refers to Input/Output. Examples of I/O devices are keyboards and printers.

IP, IPs, or IPS - Refer to Internet Protocol Numbers.

IP is the system or protocol on which the internet is based. It defines the format of the packets and mechanics behind their routing from their source(s) to destination(s).

IRC - Refers to Internet Relay Chat.

IRSG - Refers to the Internet Research Steering Group.

IRTF - Is the Internet Research Task Force.

IRQ - Refers to Interrupt Request. Peripheral connections are assigned IRQ numbers.

ISDN - Refers to Integrated Services Digital Network.

ISO - Is the International Organization for Standardization. Sometimes, it is referred to as the International Standards Organization.

ISO 9000 - Is a set of international standards for both quality management and quality assurance that has been adopted by countries worldwide.

The standards require:

  • a standard language for documenting quality processes
  • a system to provide proof that these practices are instituted throughout an organisation
  • and third-party auditing

According to ISO 9000 products are classified into these categories:

  • hardware
  • software
  • processed materials
  • and services

The central ideas behind ISO 9000 compliance is documentation (writing) and follow through (doing).

ISO 9660 - Is the International Organization for Standardizations standard defining a file system used by compact discs.

ISP, ISPs, or ISPS - Are the Internet Service Providers.

ISVs - Are Independent Software Vendors.

IT - Refers to Information Technology.

ITU-TSS - Refers to the International Telecommunications Union - Telecommunications Standards Sector.

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